Price: 12.50 euro
DDR medal about Leuna. The front of the medal reads:”Through Struggle To Victory”. The back of the medal says:”To commemorate the fallen leuna fighters. To remind the living
marching struggle of the leuna workers. district party organization Leuna”.
Leuna is a district but Leuna is best known for the Leuna-Werke, a huge complex of chemical industry with an area of over 20 km². The foundation for this was laid when BASF built an ammonia plant near Leuna during the First World War, out of reach of the Allied air forces.
From 1925 this factory fell under the IG Farben. In 1936 construction of an installation for the manufacture of synthetic gasoline for the Wehrmacht started. In March 1945, more than 14,000 people worked here, of which more than 90% were foreigners (mostly as forced laborers). The installations were bombed more than 20 times and production did not stop until April 1945. After the war, about half of the remains of the installations were taken away by the Soviet Union as reparations. In 1954, the Soviet Union transferred ownership to the GDR, who further expanded the complex as VEB Leuna-Werke Walter Ulbricht. In the GDR era, 30,000 people worked here.