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Space pin made in the Soviet Union. The text on the pin reads:”12-14 September 1959″
Luna 2 was the sixth of the Soviet Union’s Luna programme spacecraft launched to the Moon.
The spacecraft was launched on 12 September 1959 by the Luna 8K72. It followed a direct path to the Moon. On 13 September 1959, it impacted (crashed) on the Moon’s surface. It was the first spacecraft to reach the surface of the Moon, and the first human-made object to make contact with another celestial body.
Because of claims that information received from Luna 1 was fake, the Russian scientists sent a telex to astronomer Bernard Lovell at Jodrell Bank Observatory at the University of Manchester. Lovell began tracking the probe about five hours before it impacted the Moon and also recorded the transmission from the probe which ends abruptly. He played the recording during a phone call to reporters in New York to finally convince most of media observers of the mission’s authenticity.